介绍

  • 每个Node节点上的容器应用日志,默认都会在/var/log/containers (标准输出)
  • Pod -> /var/log/containers/*.log -> Filebeat -> Logstash -> 其他输出
  • app-*.log 是你的应用日志文件(可在宿主机的/var/log/containers/目录下查看自己的日志格式)

    使用DaemonSet安装 filebeat (filebeat.yaml)

apiVersion: apps/v1
kind: DaemonSet
metadata:
  labels:
    app: filebeat
  name: filebeat-daemonset
spec:
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      app: filebeat
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        app: filebeat
    spec:
      containers:
        - name: filebeat-daemonset
          image: docker.elastic.co/beats/filebeat:7.12.1
          args: [
            "-c", "/usr/share/filebeat/filebeat.yml",
            "-e",
          ]
          securityContext:
            runAsUser: 0
          volumeMounts:
            - mountPath: /usr/share/filebeat/filebeat.yml
              name: volume-configmap
              subPath: filebeat.yml
              readOnly: true
            - mountPath: /data/app/docker/containers
              name: varlibdockercontainers
              readOnly: true
            - name: varlog
              mountPath: /var/log
              readOnly: true
      volumes:
        - name: volume-configmap
          configMap:
            defaultMode: 420
            name: filebeat-configmap
        - name: varlibdockercontainers
          hostPath:
            path: /data/app/docker/containers
        - name: varlog
          hostPath:
            path: /var/log
---
apiVersion: v1
data:
  filebeat.yml: |-
    filebeat.inputs:
    - type: log
      symlinks: true
      paths:
        - /var/log/containers/app-*.log
    output.logstash:
      hosts: ["172.12.17.166:5044"]
kind: ConfigMap
metadata:
  name: filebeat-configmap

配置 logstash.conf

input {
    beats {
        port => "5044"
    }
}
filter {
  if "error" in [message]{
    mutate{
      add_field => {"logtag"=>"error"}
    }
  }else if "info" in [message]{
    mutate{
      add_field => {"logtag"=>"info"}
      }
  }else{
    mutate{
      add_field => {"logtag"=>"debug"}
      }
  }
}
output {
  if [logtag]=="error"{
    file {
        path => "/path/to/k8s-error/%{+yyyy-MM-dd}.log.gz"
        codec => line { format => "%{message}"}
        gzip => true
    }
  }
  if [logtag]=="info"{
    file {
        path => "/path/to/k8s-info/%{+yyyy-MM-dd}.log.gz"
        codec => line { format => "%{message}"}
        gzip => true
    }
  }
  if [logtag]=="debug"{
    file {
        path => "/path/to/k8s-debug/%{+yyyy-MM}.log.gz"
        codec => line { format => "%{message}"}
        gzip => true
    }
  }
}